The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-l3-acetate (TPA) inhibits growth and induces terminal squamous differentiation of normal human bronchial cells when added to the culture media [J. C. Willey, A. J. Saladino, C. Ozanne, J. F. Lechner, and C. C. Harris, Carcinogenesis (Load.), 5: 209-215,1984]. We have investigated the possibility of oxygen free radicals being involved as intermediates in this process. Electron paramagnetic resonance measurements using the spin-trapping agent 5,5-dimethy 1–1-pyrroline-1-oxide failed to detect oxygen free radicals in bronchial epithelial cells exposed to TPA, although oxy radicals were detected in bronchial epithelial cells after a nontoxic exposure to menadione, and in human neutrophils after exposure to TPA. Addition to the culture media of free radical scavenger, i.e., reduced glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, D-α-tocopherol, copper(II) (3,5-diisopropylsalicylic acid)2, or the combination of superoxide dismutase and catalase did not affect the dose-dependent growth inhibition of TPA on the bronchial epithelial cells. Moreover, exposure of the bronchial epithelial cells to TPA did not result in increased DNA single strand breaks measured by alkaline elution, as would be expected with a free radical mediated mechanism. Thus, our results argue against the importance of oxygen free radicals in the inhibition of growth and the induction of squamous differentiation by TPA in normal human bronchial epithelial cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research