Role of messenger RNA expression of platelet activating factor and its receptor in porcine in vitro-fertilized and cloned embryo development

So Hyun Lee, Dae Young Kim, Dong Hyun Nam, Sang Hwan Hyun, Gab Sang Lee, Hye Soo Kim, Chang Kyu Lee, Sung Keun Kang, Byeong Chun Lee, Woo Suk Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Platelet activating factor (PAF) is known as an autocrine growth/survival factor in mammalian preimplantation embryos. This study investigated the expression of porcine PAF receptor (PAFr) mRNA and its role in porcine in vitro fertilized (IVF) or somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryo development. The expression of PAFr mRNA in IVF or SCNT blastocysts was shown by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blot analysis. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and Southern blot analysis demonstrated that PAFr mRNA was expressed during preimplantation embryo development, it was highly expressed through the 2-cell to 8-cell embryo stage, and it decreased at the morula stage. PAFr mRNA expression was detected steadily in IVF embryos, whereas it was varied at the 2-cell, 4-cell, and blastocyst stages in SCNT embryos. To determine the role of PAF in IVF and SCNT embryo development, embryos were cultured in North Carolina State University (NCSU)-23 medium supplemented with different concentrations of PAF (0, 0.037, 0.37, 3.72, or 37.2 nM). The PAF supplement significantly increased the rate of blastocyst formation in SCNT embryos, but not in IVF embryos. The PAF supplement for the entire 168 h of culture showed significantly higher blastocyst formation in SCNT embryos. Upregulation of PAFr mRNA by PAF in SCNT embryos indicated that the embryotrophic effect of PAF was mediated through its functional receptors in SCNT embryos. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that PAFr mRNA was expressed in porcine IVF and SCNT embryos, and that PAF supplement improved the developmental competence of SCNT embryos through its specific receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)919-925
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • IVF
  • PAF
  • PAF receptor
  • Porcine embryo
  • SCNT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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