Objective: To evaluate language deficits after acute stroke and their association with post-acute care at a setting other than home. We hypothesized that deficits in language comprehension would be associated with discharge to a setting other than home after adjustment for physical/occupational therapy (PT/OT) needs. Design: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data. Discharge location, demographic characteristics (age, sex, race), and the presence of PT/OT recommendations were abstracted from the medical record. Setting: Acute stroke unit at a tertiary medical center. Participants: Left hemispheric stroke patients (N=152) within 24 hours of event. Interventions: The following tasks were administered: (a-b) oral and written naming of pictured objects, (c) oral naming with tactile input (tactile naming), (d-f) oral reading, oral spelling, and repetition of words and pseudowords, (g) written spelling to dictation, (h) spoken word-picture verification (ie, auditory comprehension), and (i) written word-picture verification (ie, written word comprehension). Main Outcome Measure: Discharge to a setting other than home. Results: Of 152 cases, 88 were discharged home and 64 to another setting. Among stroke subjects discharged to a setting other than home, 63.6% had auditory comprehension deficits compared with 42.9% of those discharged home (P=.03). Deficits in auditory and reading comprehension and oral spelling to dictation were significantly associated with increased odds of discharge to a setting other than home after adjustment for age and PT/OT recommendations. Conclusions: Cases with deficits in auditory comprehension, reading comprehension, and oral spelling to dictation had increased odds of being discharged to settings other than home. Early evaluation of these language deficits and prompt treatment may allow patients who would otherwise be discharged to an institution to go home. Further research is needed to design and evaluate individualized treatment protocols and their effect on discharge recommendations.
- Patient discharge
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation