Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for solitary kidney in a large multicenter series. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 886 consecutive patients who underwent RPN at 5 academic institutions from May 2007 to May 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Data were prospectively collected in an Investigational Review Board-approved protocol. Experienced robotic surgeons performed all operations. Patient demographics, functional, perioperative, and early oncologic outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 26 patients with a solitary kidney were identified and included in the analysis; of these, 16 (62%) had solitary kidneys secondary to a previous malignancy. Perioperative outcomes included a median warm ischemia time of 17 minutes (interquartile range, 12, 28 minutes). Only 2 intraoperative complications occurred. One was a renal vein injury and one an aortic vessel tear, and both patients required intraoperative blood transfusions. No conversions to laparoscopy or open surgery occurred. There were 3 postoperative complications (11.5%). Median follow-up was 6 months (interquartile range, 5, 9.7 months). Postoperative renal function did not change significantly as measure by estimated glomerular filtration rate (-15.8%; P =.13). None of the patients required dialysis. Positive margins occurred in 1 patient, with 73% of patients having a renal cell carcinoma. Conclusion: We report a multi-institutional series of RPN in patients with solitary kidney presenting with small renal masses. Our findings suggest that RPN represents a feasible treatment option in this specific population by offering reliable preservation of renal function, low surgical morbidity, and early oncologic safety in the hands of experienced robotic surgeons.
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