Robotic endolaryngeal flexible (Robo-ELF) scope: A preclinical feasibility study

Kevin Olds, Alexander T. Hillel, Elizabeth Cha, Martin Curry, Lee M. Akst, Russell H. Taylor, Jeremy D Richmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: This article presents a novel robotic endolaryngeal flexible (Robo-ELF) scope driver for minimally invasive laryngeal surgery. The Robo-ELF consists of a simple, robust robotic scope driver with three active and two passive degrees of freedom, allowing it to manipulate any standard flexible endoscope. The system is controlled by a joystick-like three dimensional mouse that interfaces with the scope driver via a laptop. Because the scope is supported and controlled by the robot, motor control and therefore visualization are enhanced. Additionally, because the robot remains stationary when the mouse is not being manipulated, the surgeon can position it and operate bimanually. Methods: The system was validated by performing visualization and biopsy procedures on two human cadavers with the Robo-ELF and comparing this with standard rigid endoscopes with three different angles. Results: The Robo-ELF outperformed the rigid scopes in both image quality and range of motion, overcoming line of site constraints, and allowing visualization of otherwise hidden anatomy. The system also demonstrated a rapid learning curve and enhanced motor control over a manually operated flexible endoscope. Conclusions: The Robo-ELF is a novel robot to assist in driving a flexible endoscope for surgery of the upper aerodigestive tract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2371-2374
Number of pages4
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • Level of Evidence: N/A.
  • Robot
  • endolaryngeal
  • flexible fiberoptic scope
  • larynx
  • minimally-invasive
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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