A high incidence of a post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is observed in miniature swine conditioned for allogeneic hematopoietic cell-transplantation using a protocol involving T-cell depletion and cyclosporine therapy. This study was designed to assess contributing factors to disease development. Forty-six animals were studied including 12 (26%) that developed PTLD. A number of risk factors for PTLD were examined, including degree of immunosuppression, degree of MHC mismatch and infection by a porcine lymphotrophic herpesvirus (PLHV-1). Flow cytometry was used to measure host and donor T- and B-cell levels in the peripheral blood. Porcine lymphotrophic herpesvirus viral load was determined by quantitative PCR. Animals developing PTLD had significantly lower levels of T cells on the day of transplant. Cyclosporine levels did not differ significantly between animals with and without PTLD. Animals receiving transplants across a two-haplotype mismatch barrier showed an increased incidence of PTLD. All animals with PTLD had significant increases in PLHV-1 viral loads. Porcine lymphotrophic herpesvirus viral copy numbers remained at low levels in the absence of disease. The availability of a preclinical large-animal model with similarities to PTLD of humans may allow studies of the pathogenesis and treatment of that disorder.
- Hematopoietic cell transplantation
- Miniature swine
- Porcine lymphotrophic herpes virus
- Post transplant lymphoproliferative disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pharmacology (medical)