Background: Total thyroidectomy (TT) in children is performed by pediatric general surgeons (P-GS), pediatric otolaryngologists (P-ENT), or adult GS/ENT. This study evaluated short-term pediatric TT outcomes, focusing on surgical subspecialties. Methods: Pediatric (<18 years) TT with/without central limited lymph node dissection (CLND) between 2015 and 2020 were obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric database. Risk factors for prolonged hospitalization (PH,>2 days) and 30-day readmission were investigated with multivariate logistic regression. Results: Of 1535 patients, 14% had PH and 2% were readmitted. PH rates for P-ENT vs. P-GS vs. adult were 21% vs. 11% vs. 10%, respectively. Adjusted risk of PH was higher for P-ENT (OR 1.70, p = 0.003) but similar for P-GS/adult. There was no difference for risk of readmission by subspecialty. Conclusion: PH is more likely after pediatric TT performed by P-ENT, as compared to P-GS or adult surgeons. While TT may be performed safely by individual subspecialties, collaboration across specialties may further optimize outcomes.
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