Risk Factors for Complications Associated With Minimally Invasive Medial Displacement Calcaneal Osteotomy

Michelle M. Coleman, Mostafa M. Abousayed, John M. Thompson, Bryan A. Bean, Gregory P. Guyton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Few studies have reported the outcomes following minimally invasive medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO) for correction of pes planovalgus deformities. Methods: Charts were retrospectively reviewed for consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive MDCO procedures by a single surgeon from 2013 to 2019 with more than 3 months of follow-up. A total of 160 consecutive patients who underwent 189 minimally invasive MDCO procedures were included in the study. Median follow-up was 12 months (interquartile range, 7-25 months). Results: Osteotomy healing complications were present in 7% of cases during the 6-year study period. A 12-month case cluster of osteotomy healing complications was observed. Healing complication rates were 28% during the cluster and 0.7% outside of the cluster. No definitive cause was found for the case cluster, although heat osteonecrosis from the burr was suspected to be involved. Osteotomy healing complications were significantly associated with higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, female sex, current tobacco use, and higher body mass index (BMI). Healing complications were not associated with osteotomy technique or fixation type. Other complications included wound dehiscence (3%), surgical site infection (2%), transient nerve symptoms (6%), and persistent nerve symptoms (2%). Nerve symptoms were significantly associated with an increased number of concomitant procedures. Conclusion: Patients with higher ASA classification, current tobacco use, and higher BMI were at higher risk for osteotomy healing complications after minimally invasive MDCO procedures. Patients were also more likely to develop nerve complications with more extensive surgical procedures. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-131
Number of pages11
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • complications
  • delayed union
  • medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy
  • minimally invasive
  • nonunion
  • percutaneous
  • pes planovalgus
  • pes planus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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