Right ventricular infarction: Role of the moderator band artery in determining infarct size

H. M. Haupt, G. M. Hutchins, G. W. Moore

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    63 Scopus citations


    We studied 19 patients with proximal right coronary artery occlusions associated with acute myocardial infarcts less then 30 days old. Right ventricular infarct size, determined as a percentage of right ventricular surface area, ranged from 0% to 29%. Correlation of 24 variables measuring infarct size, chamber size and coronary artery disease failed to demonstrate a significant correlation with the extent of right ventricle infarction. However, estimates of the degree of obstruction to potential collateral flow into the right coronary arterial system from the left anterior descending coronary artery, especially through the moderator band artery, showed a significant positive correlation with infarct size (p 25%) right ventricle infarction, four had significant (> 75%) obstruction of the left anterior descending system, resulting in potentially impaired collateral blood flow; the other patient had normal coronary arteries and embolic occlusion of the proximal right coronary artery with contraction band necrosis. The study suggests that collateral flow to the right ventricular myocardium, especially through the moderator band artery, protects against massive infarction in the presence of proximal right coronary artery occlusion.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1268-1272
    Number of pages5
    Issue number6 I
    StatePublished - 1983

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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