Right-Sided Maze Procedure for Atrial Tachyarrhythmias in Congenital Heart Disease

John M. Stulak, Joseph A. Dearani, Francisco J. Puga, Kenton J. Zehr, Hartzell V. Schaff, Gordon K. Danielson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) that causes right atrial dilatation is commonly associated with atrial flutter and/or fibrillation (AFl/F). To reduce late recurrence of AFl/F in patients undergoing repair of CHD, we utilized a concomitant right-sided maze procedure. Methods: From 1993 to 2003, 99 patients with CHD and associated AFl/F underwent a concomitant right-sided maze procedure at the time of CHD repair. Ages ranged from 9 to 72 years (median, 43 years). Atrial flutter and/or fibrillation was paroxysmal in 81 and chronic in 18; duration ranged from less than 1 month to 39.5 years (median, 2.9 years). Primary cardiac diagnoses were Ebstein anomaly (n = 47), other congenital tricuspid regurgitation (n = 19), univentricular heart (n = 11), isolated atrial septal defect (ASD, n = 8), tetralogy of Fallot (n = 8), and other (n = 6). Results: Other concomitant procedures included tricuspid valve repair or replacement (n = 70), ASD closure (n = 39), and pulmonary valve procedures (n = 18). There were 6 early deaths. At hospital dismissal, 83 patients were free of AFl/F and 63 were in sinus rhythm. Follow-up in 87 of the 93 early survivors extended up to 8 years (mean, 2.7 years). There were 4 late deaths, all from noncardiac causes. Of the 83 known late survivors, 77 (93%) were free of AFl/F. Eighty-two of the 83 survivors were in New York Heart Association class I or II. Conclusions: In patients with AFl/F associated with CHD, a concomitant right-sided maze procedure at the time of intracardiac repair is effective in reducing late recurrent AFl/F. Most patients enjoy an excellent quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1780-1785
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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