Rheb1 Is Required for mTORC1 and Myelination in Postnatal Brain Development

Jia Zou, Liang Zhou, Xiao Xia Du, Yifei Ji, Jia Xu, Junlong Tian, Wanxiang Jiang, Yi Zou, Shouyang Yu, Lingxue Gan, Maowen Luo, Qiaona Yang, Yiyuan Cui, Wanchun Yang, Xiaoqiang Xia, Mina Chen, Xia Zhao, Ying Shen, Po Yu Chen, Paul F. WorleyBo Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations


mTor kinase is involved in cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation. The roles of mTor activators, Rheb1 and Rheb2, have not been established in vivo. Here, we report that Rheb1, but not Rheb2, is critical for embryonic survival and mTORC1 signaling. Embryonic deletion of Rheb1 in neural progenitor cells abolishes mTORC1 signaling in developing brain and increases mTORC2 signaling. Remarkably, embryonic and early postnatal brain development appears grossly normal in these Rheb1f/f,Nes-cre mice with the notable exception of deficits of myelination. Conditional expression of Rheb1 transgene in neural progenitors increases mTORC1 activity and promotes myelination in the brain. In addition the Rheb1 transgene rescues mTORC1 signaling and hypomyelination in the Rheb1f/f,Nes-cre mice. Our study demonstrates that Rheb1 is essential for mTORC1 signaling and myelination in the brain, and suggests that mTORC1 signaling plays a role in selective cellular adaptations, rather than general cellular viability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 18 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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