Revision of the brief visuospatial memory test: Studies of normal performance, reliability, and, validity

Ralph H.B. Benedict, Lowell Groninger, David Schretlen, Melissa Dobraski, Barnett Shpritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

332 Scopus citations


There is an increasing demand for alternate-form neuropsychological tests that can be used in clinical trials with little risk of direct practice effect. Although the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test (BVMT) includes six equivalent alternate forms, its administration is limited to an immediate and 25-min delayed free-recall trial. We now present a revised version of the BVMT called the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised (BVMT-R) that includes three learning trials, a 25-min delayed recall trial, and a delayed yes/no recognition task. A new scoring system, which accounts for the location of test stimuli as well as the accuracy of recall, is also introduced. Using these new administration and scoring procedures, we administered the BVMT-R to 261 neuropsychiatric patients and 456 normal healthy adults. The results indicated that the test has excellent interform reliability and the construct and criterion-related validity of the test were supported in studies using clinical samples. Although the BVMT-R is not without its limitations, the test's brevity and alternate-form capacity make it a valuable instrument for serial neuropsychological assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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