Review of endocrine manifestations of antiphospholid syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Endocrine manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) are very rare. Adrenal insufficiency, surprisingly usually due to venous infarction, is the most common. It can even be the presenting manifestation of APS, occur in patients with transient antiphospholipid antibodies or even in a neonate through transplacental transfer of maternal antiphospholipid antibodies. The presentation, differential diagnosis, and treatment of adrenal involvement due to APS will be reviewed. Other even rarer endocrine manifestations will also be briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Rheumatology Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • Addison's disease
  • Adrenal insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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