Retinal and choroidal manifestations of fungal diseases

J. Fernando Arévalo, Janet L. Davis, Andre Luiz Land Curi, Carlos F. Fernandez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An increased number of fungal infections of the eye have been reported in the past few decades, in part because of increased clinical awareness and improved laboratory techniques. The increase re flects more significantly the widespread use of antibiotics, immunosuppression, chemotherapy, and ocular prosthetic devices. Despite their ubiquitous nature, only a limited number of fungal species produce infections of the eye, and an even smaller number cause fungal retinitis or endophthalmitis. The major causes of fungal retinitis are Candida species, Aspergillus species, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Coccidioides immitis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum, and Sporothrix schenckii.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal and Choroidal Manifestations of Selected Systemic Diseases
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9781461436461
ISBN (Print)9781461436454
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Amphotericin B
  • Antifungal agents
  • Aspergillus
  • Blastomyces dermatitidis
  • Candida
  • Candidemia
  • Chorioretinitis
  • Coccidioides immitis
  • Cryptococcus neoformans
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Fluconazole
  • Fungal infection
  • Histoplasma capsulatum
  • Sporothrix schenckii
  • Voriconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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