Retinal Anatomy and Electrode Array Position in Retinitis Pigmentosa Patients After Argus II Implantation: An International Study

Ninel Z. Gregori, Natalia F. Callaway, Catherine Hoeppner, Alex Yuan, Aleksandra Rachitskaya, William Feuer, Hossein Ameri, J. Fernando Arevalo, Albert J. Augustin, David G. Birch, Gislin Dagnelie, Salvatore Grisanti, Janet L. Davis, Paul Hahn, James T. Handa, Allen C. Ho, Suber S. Huang, Mark S. Humayun, Raymond Iezzi, K. Thiran JayasunderaGregg T. Kokame, Byron L. Lam, Jennifer I. Lim, Naresh Mandava, Sandra R. Montezuma, Lisa Olmos de Koo, Peter Szurman, Lejla Vajzovic, Peter Wiedemann, James Weiland, Jiong Yan, David N. Zacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess the retinal anatomy and array position in Argus II retinal prosthesis recipients. Design: Prospective, noncomparative cohort study. Methods: SETTING: International multicenter study. PATIENTS: Argus II recipients enrolled in the Post-Market Surveillance Studies. PROCEDURES: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images collected for the Surveillance Studies (NCT01860092 and NCT01490827) were reviewed. Baseline and postoperative macular thickness, electrode-retina distance (gap), optic disc–array overlap, and preretinal membrane presence were recorded at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Axial retinal thickness and axial gap along the array's long axis (a line between the tack and handle); maximal retinal thickness and maximal gap along a B-scan near the tack, midline, and handle. Results: Thirty-three patients from 16 surgical sites in the United States and Germany were included. Mean axial retinal thickness increased from month 1 through month 12 at each location, but reached statistical significance only at the array midline (P =.007). The rate of maximal thickness increase was highest near the array midline (slope = 6.02, P =.004), compared to the tack (slope = 3.60, P <.001) or the handle (slope = 1.93, P =.368). The mean axial and maximal gaps decreased over the study period, and the mean maximal gap size decrease was significant at midline (P =.032). Optic disc–array overlap was seen in the minority of patients. Preretinal membranes were common before and after implantation. Conclusions: Progressive macular thickening under the array was common and corresponded to decreased electrode-retina gap over time. By month 12, the array was completely apposed to the macula in approximately half of the eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-99
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
StatePublished - Sep 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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