Restoration of lumbar lordosis in flat back deformity: Optimal degree of correction

Ki Tack Kim, Sang Hun Lee, Dae Seok Huh, Hyo Jong Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Jung Hee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Study Design: A retrospective comparative study. Purpose: To provide an ideal correction angle of lumbar lordosis (LL) in degenerative flat back deformity. Overview of Literature: The degree of correction in degenerative flat back in relation to pelvic incidence (PI) remains controversial. Methods: Forty-nine patients with flat back deformity who underwent corrective surgery were enrolled. Posterior-anterior-posterior sequential operation was performed. Mean age and mean follow-up period was 65.6 years and 24.2 months, respectively. We divided the patients into two groups based on immediate postoperative radiographs-optimal correction (OC) group (PI-9°=LL<PI+9°) and under-correction (UC) group (LL<PI-9°). We also classified the patients according to the PI of each patient-low PI group (PI<55°) and high PI group (PI=55°). Radiological and clinical results were analyzed. Results: Patients in OC group had significantly less correction loss and maintained normal sagittal alignment (sagittal vertical axis<5 cm), as compared to patients in UC group (p <0.05). LL of low PI group significantly maintained within 9° better than high PI group (p <0.05). Oswestry disability index (ODI) significantly decreased at last follow-up, as compared to preoperative state. However, there was no significant difference in last follow-up ODI between the groups. Conclusions: In flat back deformity, correction of LL to within 9° of PI will result in better sagittal balance. Thus, we recommend sufficient LL to prevent correction loss, especially in patients with high PI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-360
Number of pages9
JournalAsian Spine Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Flat back deformity
  • Lumbar lordosis
  • Pelvic incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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