Recent technological advancements, including the introduction of disposable endoscopes, have enhanced the role of interventional radiology (IR) in the management of biliary and gallbladder diseases. There are unanswered questions in this growing field. The Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation convened a virtual research consensus panel consisting of a multidisciplinary group of experts to develop a prioritized research agenda regarding percutaneous image- and endoscopy-guided procedures for biliary and gallbladder diseases. The panelists discussed current data, opportunities for IR, and future efforts to maximize IR's ability and scope. A recurring theme throughout the discussions was to find ways to reduce the total duration of percutaneous drains and improve patients’ quality of life. After the presentations and discussions, research priorities were ranked on the basis of their clinical relevance and impact. The research ideas ranked top 3 were as follows: (a) percutaneous multimodality management of benign anastomotic biliary strictures (laser vs endobiliary ablation vs cholangioplasty vs drain upsize protocol alone), (b) ablation of intraductal cholangiocarcinoma with and without stent placement, and (c) cholecystoscopy/choledochoscopy and lithotripsy in nonsurgical patients with calculous cholecystitis. Collaborative, retrospective, and prospective research studies are essential to answer these questions and improve the management protocols for patients with biliary and gallbladder diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging