Reproductive hazards of fire fighting II. Chemical hazards

Melissa A. McDiarmid, Peter S.J. Lees, Jacqueline Agnew, Malinda Midzenski, Richard Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Studies of the health of fire fighters have historically focused on non‐malignant respiratory disease and cancer. More recently, concerns have surfaced about reproductive health effects in many areas of the workforce, including fire fighting. These concerns prompted this review of chemical exposures that may contribute to adverse reproductive health outcomes in male as well as female fire fighters. A review of the industrial hygiene literature was undertaken to identify agents commonly found in fire smoke. These agents were then examined for evidence of reproductive toxicity or mutagenicity/carcinogenicity. This profile of chemical agents and their reproductive toxicities permits a qualitative determination that fire fighters are exposed to potential reproductive toxicants as a part of their normal fire fighting duties. Considerations for mitigating these risks are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-472
Number of pages26
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991


  • combustion
  • products of combustion
  • reproductive health
  • toxicant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Reproductive hazards of fire fighting II. Chemical hazards'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this