The ryanodine (R)-induced loss of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ and the abilities of the SR to accumulate Ca2+ and participate in contractile activation after R were studied in rat ventricular myocytes. Indo 1 fluorescence (IF) indexed cytosolic Ca2+, and caffeine assayed SR Ca2+. Before R, there was a negative staircase, and the SR accumulated Ca2+ at rest. During stimulation (0.5 Hz), R decreased IF and contraction, converting the negative staircase to positive. When R was pulsed onto resting cells, IF increased and cells shortened, subsequently behaving as if stimulated in R. After R, there was no caffeine-releasable Ca2+ at rest, and little accumulated during 0.5-Hz stimulation. At high rates, caffeine-releasable Ca2+ and diastolic IF increased. In isoproterenol and R, IF transients and contractions recovered at 0.5 Hz with a marked positive staircase and little diastolic IF increase. Within 10 beats, SR Ca2+ accumulated to pre-R levels. R eliminated the positive inotropic effect of paired-pulse stimulation, but isoproterenol temporarily restored it. Twitch contractions in thapsigargin, an SR Ca2+ pump blocker, and isoproterenol were slow compared with control or R + isoproterenol. R leaks SR Ca2+ into the cytosol. SR Ca2+ can be repleted in R by high-rate stimulation or by low- rate stimulation with a β-adrenergic agonist. SR Ca2+ release in R can be temporarily restored if Ca2+ influx and SR Ca2+ pumping are increased enough to overcome the SR Ca2+ leak.
|American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
|Published - 1993
- excitation-contraction coupling
- indo 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)