Reliability and validity of a short form of the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire

Stephen J. Heishman, Rebecca J. Evans, Edward G. Singleton, Kenneth H. Levin, Marc L. Copersino, David A. Gorelick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Background: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ) is a valid and reliable, 47-item self-report instrument that assesses marijuana craving along four dimensions: compulsivity, emotionality, expectancy, and purposefulness. For use in research and clinical settings, we constructed a 12-item version of the MCQ by selecting three items from each of the four factors that exhibited the greatest within-factor internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient). Methods: Adult marijuana users (n = 490), who had made at least one serious attempt to quit marijuana use but were not seeking treatment, completed the MCQ-Short Form (MCQ-SF) in a single session. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis of the MCQ-SF indicated good fit with the 4-factor MCQ model, and the coefficient of congruence indicated moderate similarity in factor patterns and loadings between the MCQ and MCQ-SF. Homogeneity (unidimensionality and internal consistency) of MCQ-SF factors was also consistent with reliability values obtained in the initial validation of the MCQ. Conclusions: Findings of psychometric fidelity indicate that the MCQ-SF is a reliable and valid measure of the same multidimensional aspects of marijuana craving as the MCQ in marijuana users not seeking treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cannabis
  • Marijuana craving
  • Questionnaire
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Reliability and validity of a short form of the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this