Relationship of physical intimate partner violence with mental health diagnoses in the nationwide emergency department sample

Hind A. Beydoun, Megan Williams, May A. Beydoun, Shaker M. Eid, Alan B. Zonderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objectives: We examined associations of physical intimate partner violence (PIPV) with selected mental health disorders using a nationally representative sample of emergency department (ED) discharges corresponding to men and women (18-64 years) from the 2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. Methods: PIPV was determined using International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) external cause of injury code E967.3 (battering by spouse or partner). ICD-9-CM clinical classification of discharge diagnoses was used to identify mental health disorders. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORadj) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: PIPV prevalence was estimated at 0.36 per 1000 ED discharges. The strongest correlates of PIPV were alcohol-related (ORadj = 3.02, 95% CI: 2.62-3.50), adjustment (ORadj = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.56-3.58), intentional self-harm (ORadj = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.05-1.89), anxiety (ORadj = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.07-1.40), drug-related (ORadj = 1.22, 95% CI: 1.01-1.47), and mood (ORadj = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.04-1.31) disorders. PIPV's association with alcohol-related disorders was stronger among women (ORadj = 3.22, 95% CI: 2.79-3.72) versus men (ORadj = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.42-2.77). Similarly, drug-related disorders were stronger correlates of PIPV among women (ORadj = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.09-1.60) versus men (ORadj = 0.59, 95% CI: 0.31-1.16). Conclusions: In EDs, PIPV was linked to several mental health disorders, with women experiencing comorbid PIPV and substance use more frequently than men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2017


  • emergency department
  • intimate partner violence
  • mental health
  • surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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