Previous studies have shown that exogenous IL-2 does not correct the reduction in phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-induced proliferation of lymphocytes from HIV-1 infected (HIV+) individuals. We investigated the mechanism of this reduction to determine if reduced expression of the complete IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) was responsible. In a series of experiments, PHA-stimulated lymphocytes from a total of 89 HIV- and 93 HIV+ homosexual men from the Baltimore Multicentre AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) were studied to determine the expression of messages for the α and β subunits of the IL-2R, the binding of 125I-IL-2 to high affinity IL-2R, and the effect of IL-2 on cell proliferation. Compared to HIV- donors, PHA-stimulated lymphocytes from most HIV+ donors demonstrated (i) a reduction in high affinity IL-2R expression that correlated with the reduction in the IL-2-induced proliferative response; and (ii) a reduction in expression of both IL-2R α- and β-chain mRNA which may be responsible for decreased high affinity IL-2R expression. However, lymphocytes from some HIV+ individuals had borderline low IL-2-induced proliferation despite normal or elevated expression of high affinity IL-2R. These results suggest that decreased expression of IL-2R may account, at least in part, for the lower proliferative response of cells from HIV+ donors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - 1993|
- IL-2 receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy