Rehabilitative care of war-related health concerns

Charles C. Engel, Xian Liu, Roy Clymer, Ronald F. Miller, Terry Sjoberg, Jay R. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to pilot the effectiveness of a 3-week rehabilitative intervention that used medical review, graded exercise, education on Gulf War exposures, active coping, and nutrition to improve disability and related distress for Gulf War veterans with persistent symptoms. One hundred and nine veterans were assessed at program entry and exit and at 1 and 3 months after program completion. Outcomes were physical symptoms, quality of life, physical health concern, and psychosocial distress-contrasted across time and demographic groups. After treatment, veterans showed modest and global improvements; women were more likely than men to show improvement. The finding that Gulf War veterans who completed specialized rehabilitative management experienced modest, short-term improvements is encouraging, given that veterans of the conflict remain concerned about their future health. Controlled studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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