Rehabilitation Utilization for Falls Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the United States in the National Health and Aging Trends Study

Briana L. Moreland, Laura L. Durbin, Judith D. Kasper, Thelma J. Mielenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine the characteristics of community-dwelling older adults receiving fall-related rehabilitation. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the fifth round (2015) of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS). Fall-related rehabilitation utilization was analyzed using weighted multinomial logistic regression with SEs adjusted for the sample design. Setting: In-person interviews of a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults. Participants: Medicare beneficiaries from NHATS (N=7062). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcomes Measures: Rehabilitation utilization categorized into fall-related rehabilitation, other rehabilitation, or no rehabilitation. Results: Fall status (single fall: odds ratio [OR]=2.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52–5.77; recurrent falls: OR=14.21; 95% CI, 7.45–27.10), fear of falling (OR=3.11; 95% CI, 1.90–5.08), poor Short Physical Performance Battery scores (score 0: OR=6.62; 95% CI, 3.31–13.24; score 1–4: OR=4.65; 95% CI, 2.23–9.68), and hip fracture (OR=3.24; 95% CI, 1.46–7.20) were all associated with receiving fall-related rehabilitation. Lower education level (less than high school diploma compared with 4-y college degree: OR=.21; 95% CI,.11–.40) and Hispanic ethnicity (OR=.37; 95% CI,.15–.87) were associated with not receiving fall-related rehabilitation. Conclusions: Hispanic older adults and older adults who are less educated are less likely to receive fall-related rehabilitation. Recurrent fallers followed by those who fell once in the past year were more likely to receive fall-related rehabilitation than are older adults who have not had a fall in the past year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1568-1575
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Accidental falls
  • Aged
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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