Regulation of the rat class I alcohol dehydrogenase gene by Growth Hormone

James J. Potter, Vincent W. Yang, Esteban Mezey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Growth hormone (GH) increases the transcription of the rat class I alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) gene. Two transcription factors, the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) and the liver activator protein (LAP), were previously shown to bind to the ADH promoter at nucleotide positions -11 to -22 relative to the start-site of transcription and to activate the ADH promoter in co-transfection experiments. In this study, exposure of cultured rat hepatocytes to GH (1 μg/ml) for 4 days increased LAP mRNA, but not C/EBP mRNA, in conjunction with an increase in ADH mRNA. GH, in transient transfection experiments of primary rat hepatocyte cultures, activated an ADH promoter-reporter gene construct containing the C/EBP binding site, but failed to activate a construct containing a 4-bp mutation at this site. These results suggest that the effect of GH in enhancing ADH promoter activity is mediated by LAP binding to the C/EBP site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1045
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 31 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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