Regional hypothermia reduces mucosal NF-κB and PMN priming via gut lymph during canine mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion

Heitham T. Hassoun, Uwe M. Fischer, Bashir O. Attuwaybi, Frederick A. Moore, Hazim J. Safi, Steven J. Allen, Charles S. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background. Mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) activates pro-inflammatory mediators that exacerbate gut reperfusion injury and prime circulating neutrophils that cause remote organ injury. We have shown that regional intraischemic hypothermia protects the intestinal mucosa during I/R in rats. In this study, we examined the effects of regional hypothermia on I/R-induced transvascular protein clearance, NF-κB DNA binding activity, and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) priming via gut lymph in a canine mesenteric lymphatic fistula model. Materials and methods. Conditioned dogs underwent 60 min of mesenteric ischemia, with or without regional intraischemic hypothermia, and 3 h reperfusion. A mesenteric lymphatic fistula model was used to measure transvascular protein clearance and harvest lymph. Biopsies of distal ileum were obtained at baseline and 0, 180 min of reperfusion for NF-κB DNA binding activity using electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). A kinetic spectrophotometric assay was used to determine fMLP stimulated PMN superoxide production after priming by gut lymph obtained at baseline and 180 min reperfusion. Results. Transvascular protein clearance increased during reperfusion compared to baseline, and hypothermia had no significant effect on this I/R-induced protein clearance. NF-κB activity increased three-fold at the end of ischemia and hypothermia prevented this early activation. PMN superoxide production increased 19-fold during I/R (0.06 ± 0.04 versus 1.14 ± 0.50 nmol O2, P < 0.05), but only 2.5-fold during I/R + hypothermia (0.28 ± 0.09 versus 0.70 ± 0.32 nmol O2, P = 0.2). Conclusions. Regional intraischemic hypothermia prevented early intestinal NF-κB activation, partially abrogated PMN priming via gut lymph, but had no significant effect on increased transvascular protein clearance during mesenteric I/R in dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2003


  • Gut injury
  • Hypothermia
  • Ischemia/reperfusion
  • MOF
  • NF-κB
  • Neutrophils
  • TAAA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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