Reflex sympathetic dystrophy and causalgia

U. Wesselmann, S. N. Raja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This article describes the clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and management of patients with Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) and causalgia. It emphasizes that patients with RSD and causalgia may present with predominantly sympathetically maintained pain while others may have pain that is independent of the sympathetics. The recent development of animal models of neuropathic pain has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms and provides potentially useful tools to test the efficacy of therapeutic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-427
Number of pages21
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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