Recruiting Persons with Dementia and Caregivers in a Clinical Trial: Dyads Perceptions

Miranda V. McPhillips, Darina V. Petrovsky, Glenna S. Brewster, Junxin Li, Nalaka S. Gooneratne, Nancy A. Hodgson, Justine S. Sefcik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recruitment for dementia research is challenging and costly. Using Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior we explored attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control of persons living with dementia (PLWD) and their caregivers who participated in one clinical trial to better understand factors that influence dyads’ decisions to enroll. We conducted semi-structured telephone interviews with 12 PLWD and 9 caregivers and utilized directed content analysis. Categories connected with positive attitudes about study enrollment were personal desires of wanting to learn and in-person meetings with knowledgeable staff. Additionally, participants said the money always helps in terms of the financial incentive. Participants reported enrolling to support another person (perceived norm). Study requirements were thought to be easy (perceived behavioral control). Participants highlighted the importance of flexible scheduling and study tasks being completed at their home. Findings can inform future recruitment efforts and should be investigated as effective recruitment methods in other clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-566
Number of pages10
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • caregivers
  • dementia
  • dyad
  • methods
  • population focus
  • qualitative
  • recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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