Recruiting adolescents into qualitative tobacco research studies: Experiences and lessons learned

Laura K. McCormick, Myra Crawford, Robert H. Anderson, Joel Gittelsohn, Beverly Kingsley, Donna Upson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


An increasing barrier to the development and implementation of effective youth smoking prevention and cessation programs involves recruiting adolescents into research studies. Even for non-intervention studies, issues of consent, confidentiality, and motivation to participate are important considerations. In 1996, 11 Prevention Research Center sites across the country conducted qualitative research using focus groups to explore ethnic differences in smoking among adolescents. The diversity in strategies used to interest, motivate, and retain potential focus group subjects provided a rich data set for information about effective strategies and challenges to recruitment. This article presents an overview of recruitment methods used in a multi-site qualitative study on adolescent tobacco use, reports on successful and less successful strategies, and provides recommendations for future recruitment efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-99
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of School Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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