Reconstruction of auto-tissue-engineered lamellar cornea by dynamic culture for transplantation: A rabbit model

Zheng Wu, Qiang Zhou, Haoyun Duan, Xiaoran Wang, Jianhui Xiao, Hucheng Duan, Naiyang Li, Chaoyang Li, Pengxia Wan, Ying Liu, Yiyue Song, Chenjing Zhou, Zheqian Huang, Zhichong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To construct an auto-tissue-engineered lamellar cornea (ATELC) for transplantation, based on acellular porcine corneal stroma and autologous corneal limbal explants, a dynamic culture process, which composed of a submersion culture, a perfusion culture and a dynamic air-liquid interface culture, was performed using appropriate parameters. The results showed that the ATELC-Dynamic possessed histological structure and DNA content that were similar to native lamellar cornea (NLC, p>0.05). Compared to NLC, the protein contents of zonula occludens-1, desmocollin-2 and integrin β4 in ATELC-Dynamic reached 93%, 89% and 73%, respectively. The basal cells of ATELC-Dynamic showed a better differentiation phenotype (K3-, P63+, ABCG2+) compared with that of ATELC in static air-lift culture (ATELC-Static, K3+, P63-, ABCG2 -). Accordingly, the cell-cloning efficiency of ATELC-Dynamic (9.72±3.5%) was significantly higher than that of ATELC-Static (2.13±1.46%, p<0.05). The levels of trans-epithelial electrical resistance, light transmittance and areal modulus variation in ATELC-Dynamic all reached those of NLC (p>0.05). Rabbit lamellar keratoplasty showed that the barrier function of ATELC-Dynamic was intact, and there were no signs of epithelial shedding or neovascularization. Furthermore, the ATELC-Dynamic group had similar optical properties and wound healing processes compared with the NLC group. Thus, the sequential dynamic culture process that was designed according to corneal physiological characteristics could successfully reconstruct an auto-lamellar cornea with favorable morphological characteristics and satisfactory physiological function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere93012
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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