Recommendations of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute working group on future direction in cardiac surgery

William A. Baumgartner, Stephanie Burrows, Pedro J. Del Nido, Timothy J. Gardner, Suzanne Goldberg, Robert C. Gorman, George V. Letsou, Alice Mascette, Robert E. Michler, John D. Puskas, Eric A. Rose, Todd K. Rosengart, Frank W. Sellke, Sara J. Shumway, Norbert Wilke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


New surgical procedures, imaging modalities, and medical devices have improved therapy for many patients and made treatment possible for others who have had few options in the past. In February 2004, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's (NHLBI) Advisory Council proposed that the institute evaluate the status and future directions in cardiac surgery. In response to this recommendation, the NHLBI convened a working group of cardiac surgeons on May 7 and 8, 2004, to assess the state of cardiac surgery research, identify critical gaps in current knowledge, determine areas of opportunity, and obtain specific recommendations for future research activities. The working group discussed surgical revascularization, novel surgical approaches, valvular research directions, biotechnology and cell-based therapy, heart failure, imaging modalities, and barriers to clinical research and presents its recommendations here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3007-3013
Number of pages7
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 7 2005


  • Heart diseases
  • Research
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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