Racial/Ethnic Variations in Acne: A Practical Algorithm for Treatment and Maintenance, Including Skincare Recommendations for Skin of Color Patients With Acne

Andrew Alexis, Heather Woolery-Lloyd, Anneke Andriessen, Sewon Kang, David Rodriguez, Valerie Callender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic differences in the clinical presentation, sequelae, and desired treatment outcomes for acne have been reported. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) frequently occurs in patients with richly pigmented skin complexions and can frequently be the most bothersome aspect of acne in this population. METHODS: The project used a modified Delphi hybrid process comprising face-to-face discussions followed by an online follow-up. A structured literature search was conducted to identify publications on racial/ethnic differences in the clinical presentation, sequelae, and desired treatment outcomes for skin of color (SOC) patients with acne . The advisors subsequently convened to review the results and draft an algorithm for the treatment and maintenance, including skincare recommendations, for SOC patients with acne. Online, the panel reviewed and adopted the algorithm using published evidence coupled with the panel's expert opinion and clinical experience. RESULTS: Studies suggest that strategies for improving outcomes in patients with acne who have SOC include: the early initiation and maintenance of treatment regimens; careful consideration of the tolerability of active ingredients, vehicle formulations, and dosing; and the use of skin care (eg, pH balanced, non-irritating cleansers, and non-comedogenic moisturizers) to minimize irritation or dryness. CONCLUSION: Acne treatment in patients with SOC involves unique therapeutic considerations, including management of PIH through efficacious longitudinal acne treatment, prevention of irritation, and potential active treatment of PIH. Skincare products are recommended as an adjunct to prescription therapy to maximize tolerability and may also play a role in maintenance therapy. J Drugs Dermatol. 2022;21:11(Suppl 2):s3-14.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)s13223-s132214
JournalJournal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
Volume21
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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