Racial differences in platelet serotonin polymorphisms in acute coronary syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Genetic differences between races have been hypothesized to contribute to differences in outcome from acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Our objective was to assess racial differences in genetic variations in the platelet serotonin transporter (5HTT) and receptor in patients with ACS. Materials and methods: 127 consecutive patients, African Americans (AA) = 27; Caucasian (C) =100, admitted with ACS were evaluated for platelet function by serotonin (5HT) induced platelet activation. All patients were genotyped for two polymorphisms in the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) S/L and LG/LA and one polymorphism of the serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2A, T102C) gene. All patients were followed for major and minor adverse cardiac events at 12 months. Results: AA when compared to C had a lower prevalence of the HTTLPR S allele (21% vs 45%, p = 0.0003) and a higher prevalence of the LG allele (24% vs 4.5%, p = 0.0001). Allelic frequency of the 5-HT2A T102C allele was not significantly different between the races. Platelet activation was lower in AA compared to C, median EC50 5HT was 12.08 μg vs 2.14 μg (p = 0.001). The 5-HTTLPR and the 5-HT2A polymorphisms were not associated with platelet functional responses to serotonin. There were no significant differences in major or minor adverse cardiac events in patients with serotonin transporter or receptor polymorphisms. Conclusion: We found a lower prevalence of the S allele and a higher prevalence of the G allele in AA with ACS. We also found decreased platelet activation in AA which did not correlate with serotonin-related platelet polymorphisms. It is unclear if other contributing factors may explain these platelet functional differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis research
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • Coronary disease
  • Platelet function
  • Platelet polymorphism
  • Race
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


Dive into the research topics of 'Racial differences in platelet serotonin polymorphisms in acute coronary syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this