Race Is an Independent Predictor for Nonroutine Discharges After Spine Surgery for Spinal Intradural/Cord Tumors

Aladine A. Elsamadicy, Andrew B. Koo, Wyatt B. David, Benjamin C. Reeves, Isaac G. Freedman, Zach Pennington, Jeff Ehresman, Luis Kolb, Maxwell Laurans, John H. Shin, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if race was an independent predictor of extended length of stay (LOS), nonroutine discharge, and increased health care costs after surgery for spinal intradural/cord tumors. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2016 to 2017. All adult (>18 years old) inpatients who underwent surgical intervention for a benign or malignant spinal intradural/cord tumor were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis and procedural coding systems. Patients were then categorized based on race: White, African American (AA), Hispanic, and other. Postoperative complications, LOS, discharge disposition, and total cost of hospitalization were assessed. A backward stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of extended LOS and nonroutine discharge disposition. Results: Of 3595 patients identified, there were 2620 (72.9%) whites (W), 310 (8.6%) AAs/blacks, 275 (7.6%) Hispanic (H), and 390 (10.8%) other (O). Postoperative complication rates were similar among the cohorts (P = 0.887). AAs had longer mean (W, 5.4 ± 4.2 days vs. AA, 8.9 ± 9.5 days vs. H, 5.9 ± 3.9 days vs. O, 6.1 ± 3.9 days; P = 0.014) length of hospitalizations than the other cohorts. The overall incidence of nonroutine discharge was 55% (n = 1979), with AA race having the highest rate of nonroutine discharges (W, 53.8% vs. AA, 74.2% vs. H, 45.5% vs. O, 43.6%; P = 0.016). On multivariate regression analysis, AA race was the only significant racial independent predictor of nonroutine discharge disposition (odds ratio, 3.32; confidence interval, 1.67–6.60; P < 0.001), but not extended LOS (P = 0.209). Conclusions: Our study indicates that AA race is an independent predictor of nonroutine discharge disposition in patients undergoing surgical intervention for a spinal intradural/cord tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e707-e717
JournalWorld neurosurgery
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Discharge disposition
  • Intradural spine tumor
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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