Background and Purpose. Patients with a combination of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) have a substantially higher rate of recurrent ischemic events as compared to PFO alone. One possible explanation is a greater degree of right-to-left shunting with the combination. Methods. Retrospective study using contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (c-TCD) to study the degree of shunting in 46 patients with PFO with either transient ischemic attack or cryptogenic ischemic stroke. Eight patients with PFO+ASA identified on transesophageal echocardiogram were compared to 38 patients with PFO but without ASA. Results. The number of embolic counts was no different with or without an ASA. Valsalva maneuver increased number of emboli, especially in patients with large PFOs. Conclusions. Patients with ASA in addition to PFO do not appear to have an increased risk of right-to-left shunting as measured by c-TCD as compared to PFO alone.
- Atrial septal aneurysm
- Patent foramen ovale
- Transcranial Doppler
- Transesophageal echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology