Quantifying the Extent of a Type II SLAP Lesion Required to Cause Peel-Back of the Glenoid Labrum-A Cadaveric Study

Aruna Seneviratne, Kenneth Montgomery, Babette Bevilacqua, Bashir Zikria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: To quantify the extent of labral disruption required to cause it to peel back when the peel-back test is performed. Methods: Ten cadaveric shoulders were prepared by removal of the deltoid and rotator cuff muscles. The glenohumeral joint was concentrically reduced and brought into 90° abduction and maximal external rotation. The peel-back of the labrum was graded 0, 1, or 2. The labrum was sequentially detached from the glenoid in the following order: biceps anchor only, 1 o'clock, 2 o'clock, 11 o'clock, and 3 o'clock positions. After each labral cut, the peel-back test was performed. Labral repair was performed with a single suture anchor placed at the 12:30 o'clock position; labral peel-back was reassessed. Results: A progressive increase was noted in peel-back grade with sequential cutting of the labrum posteriorly. However, disruption of the anchor alone did not lead to a positive peel-back sign. Disruption to the 2 o'clock position resulted in a positive peel-back sign overall in 9 of 10 shoulders (5 were grade 1, and 4 were grade 2). No increase was seen in peel-back grade with anterior extension of the labral detachment. Labral repair with a single anchor placed at the 12:30 o'clock position eliminated labral peel-back in 100% of shoulders. Conclusions: Detachment of the biceps anchor alone does not cause peel-back. The labrum must be disrupted to at least the 2 o'clock position before overt (grade 2) peel-back is observed. A single suture anchor placed at 12:30 o'clock eliminated peel-back of the labrum. Clinical Relevance: Validation of the peel-back test as an important diagnostic tool during shoulder arthroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1163.e1-1163.e6
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Labrum
  • Peel-back test
  • SLAP lesion
  • Shoulder arthroscopy
  • Shoulder surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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