Pulse sequence based multi-acquisition MR intensity normalization

Amod Jog, Snehashis Roy, Aaron Carass, Jerry L. Prince

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations


Intensity normalization is an important preprocessing step in magnetic resonance (MR) image analysis. In MR images (MRI), the observed intensities are primarily dependent on (1) intrinsic magnetic resonance properties of the tissues such as proton density (PD), longitudinal and transverse relaxation times (T1 and T2 respectively), and (2) the scanner imaging parameters like echo time (TE), repeat time (TR), and flip angle (α). We propose a method which utilizes three co-registered images with different contrast mechanisms (PD-weighted, T2-weighted and T1-weighted) to first estimate the imaging parameters and then estimate PD, T1, and T2 values. We then normalize the subject intensities to a reference by simply applying the pulse sequence equation of the reference image to the subject tissue parameters. Previous approaches to solve this problem have primarily focused on matching the intensity histograms of the subject image to a reference histogram by different methods. The fundamental drawback of these methods is their failure to respect the underlying imaging physics and tissue biology. Our method is validated on phantoms and we show improvement of normalization on real images of human brains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2013
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
StatePublished - 2013
EventMedical Imaging 2013: Image Processing - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 10 2013Feb 12 2013

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


OtherMedical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL


  • Brain
  • Intensity normalization/standardization
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Pulse sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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