Public Health Implementation Considerations for State-Level Ebola Monitoring and Movement Restrictions

Tara Kirk Sell, Matthew P. Shearer, Diane Meyer, Mary Leinhos, Erin Thomas, Eric G. Carbone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This article describes implementation considerations for Ebola-related monitoring and movement restriction policies in the United States during the 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola epidemic. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted between January and May 2017 with 30 individuals with direct knowledge of state-level Ebola policy development and implementation processes. Individuals represented 17 jurisdictions with variation in adherence to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, census region, predominant state political affiliation, and public health governance structures, as well as the CDC. Results: Interviewees reported substantial resource commitments required to implement Ebola monitoring and movement restriction policies. Movement restriction policies, including for quarantine, varied from voluntary to mandatory programs, and, occasionally, quarantine enforcement procedures lacked clarity. Conclusions: Efforts to improve future monitoring and movement restriction policies may include addressing surge capacity to implement these programs, protocols for providing support to affected individuals, coordination with law enforcement, and guidance on varying approaches to movement restrictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-556
Number of pages6
JournalDisaster medicine and public health preparedness
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 20 2021


  • Ebola
  • epidemiological monitoring
  • infectious disease
  • public health practice
  • quarantine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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