Psychometric characteristics of the children's motivation scale

Joan P. Gerring, Lisa Freund, Arlene C. Gerson, Paramjit T. Joshi, Joseph Capozzoli, Emily Frosch, Kathy Brady, Robert S. Marin, Martha B. Denckla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A 16-item Children's Motivation Scale (CMS) was developed to evaluate level of motivation in children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a normative sample of 290 school children and a clinical sample of 165 child and adolescent psychiatric patients. Test-retest, internal consistency, and interrater reliability were fair to good for both samples. Validity of the CMS was demonstrated by its ability to differentiate clinical from normative samples according to the level of motivation, by a significant correlation of the CMS with an independent measure of withdrawal, and by its lack of correlation with an independent measure of depression. Principal components analysis identified a three component structure. These findings support the conclusion that the CMS accesses a clinically important but often overlooked psychiatric construct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-217
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatry research
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jul 31 1996


  • Apathy
  • Child psychiatric symptoms
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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