Psychological Test Signs of Borderline Personality Disorder: A Review of the Empirical Literature

John Gartner, Stephen W. Hurt, Alison Gartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Recent empirical work aimed at identifying test signs of borderline personality disorder is reviewed. The review focuses on commonly employed clinical tests, including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), the Rorschach, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPl). Possible test signs ate considered in relation to their sensitivity to and specificity for the diagnosis and in relation to the criteria of DSM-III, which define the disorder. Although consistent patterns of potentially useful test signs have begun to appear, methodological difficulties have hampered any subsequent development of clinically useful indices. Greater attention to sample size and its composition and definition as well as demonstrations of adequate reliability and predictive utility are required for further development of these signs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-441
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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