Providing gender affirming and inclusive care to transgender men experiencing pregnancy

Hillary Chu, Lee Kirby, Ashley Booth, Meredith Klepper, Athena D.F. Sherman, Kelly M. Bower, Erin M. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives and design: Information about providing professional and appropriate perinatal care to transgender men in the perinatal setting is scarce, and healthcare providers often have insufficient knowledge or skills to provide this care. In response, a quality improvement educational program for nursing staff was developed and implemented, with the goal of evaluating the impact of this intervention on nurses’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes when caring for pregnant transgender men. Setting and participants: The training was offered to nursing staff of a 24-bed inpatient perinatal unit at a large, private academic medical center in a major East Coast city during the unit's quarterly staff meeting in March 2020. Intervention: The training covered the provision of affirming and inclusive perinatal care for transgender men. The content of the training was based on recommendations in the literature and reviewed by content experts. Measurements: Pre-test (N = 55) and post-test (N = 23) online self-administered surveys assessed nursing staff's knowledge of, comfort, and interest in providing gender affirming care for transgender men. Mann-Whitney U and Fischer's exact tests were used to determine significant changes in knowledge and attitudes over time. Findings: Findings suggest the training improved nursing staff's self-reported knowledge and skills in providing gender affirming care to pregnant transgender men over time, with participants demonstrating improved knowledge about communication around pronouns, gender identity, reproductive systems, and obstetric history. Awareness of resources for both professional development and to refer transgender patients also improved. However, persistent deficits in other knowledge, skills, and attitudes remained, suggesting that nurses would likely benefit from further support and training in transgender-specific health issues. Key conclusions and implications for practice: Findings support the utility of unit-based training in improving affirming and inclusive care in the perinatal setting. This highlights opportunities for supporting nurses’ professional practice of caring for transgender patients experiencing pregnancy and may be adapted for use in other specialty units.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103550
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • Curriculum
  • Efficacy
  • Gender minority
  • LGBT
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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