Proton nmr and optical spectroscopic studies on the dna triplex formed by d-a-(G-a)?-g and d-c-(t-c)7-t

L. S. Kan, D. E. Callahan, T. L. Trapane, P. S. Miller, P. O.P. Ts’O, D. H. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Triplex and duplex formation of two deoxyribohexadecamers d-A-(G-A)7-G (a) and d-C-(T-C)7-T (b) have been studied by UV, CD, fluorescence, and proton NMR spectroscopy. Optical studies of a and b at dilute concentrations (pM range) yielded results similar to those seen for polymers of the same sequence, indicating that these hexadecamers have properties similar to the polymers in regard to triplex formation. The CD spectra of concentrated NMR samples (mM range) are similar to those observed at optical concentrations at both low and high pH, making possible a correlation between CD and NMR studies. In NMR spectra, two imido NH-N hydrogen bonded resonance envelopes at 12.6 and 13.7 ppm indicate that only the duplex conformation is present at pH > 7.7. Four new NH-N hydrogen-bonded resonance envelopes at 12.7, 13.5, 14.2. and 14.9 ppm are observed under acidic conditions (pH 5.6) and the two original NH-N resonances gradually disappear as the pH is lowered. Assignment of these four peaks to Watson-CrickG · C, HoogsteenT · A Watson-Crick A · T. and Hoogsteen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-933
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • CD
  • Fluorescence
  • NMR
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Triplex
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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