Proposed toxic oxidant inhibitors fail to reduce brain edema.

K. D. Judy, G. B. Bulkley, B. E. Hedlund, D. M. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Toxic oxidants (oxygen free radicals) have been implicated in the formation of brain edema from ischemia-reperfusion injury or tumor growth. We investigated the ability of an iron chelator, a calcium channel blocker, and a xanthine oxidase inhibitor to reduce formation of brain edema following a cold lesion in cats. The agents were given independently of each other in an attempt to inhibit the Haber-Weiss reaction, prevent Ca++ modulated uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation, and inhibit the generation of toxic oxidants via xanthine oxidase, respectively. Pentastarch-deferoxamine conjugate at a dose of 50 mg/kg was given 15 minutes before and 60 minutes after the cold lesion. Nimodipine was given at a dose of 1 mg/kg 1 hour before and 2 hours after the cold lesion. Allopurinol was given at a dose of 50 mg/kg 24 hours before, at the time of the lesion and, 24 and 48 hours after the lesion. Gravimetric measurements of multiple brain areas were performed at 24 hours post-lesion in the pentastarch-deferoxamine and nimodipine groups and at 72 hours post-lesion in the allopurinol group. None of these agents led to significant reduction in brain edema formation as measured with a gravimetric column of kerosene and bromobenzene. Pentastarch-deferoxamine conjugate was utilized to avoid the confounding effects of arterial hypotension which is seen with intravenous deferoxamine. There was even a suggestion of increased edema in the periventricular white matter in animals treated with nimodipine. Taken together, independent inhibition of the Haber-Weiss reaction, of calcium channels, or of xanthine oxidase does not reduce formation of brain edema in the cold lesion model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalActa neurochirurgica. Supplementum
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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