The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 5-week, 1 hour per week heart disease prevention program for sedentary female municipal workers with known heart disease risk factors. The program was designed to improve participants' knowledge and perceptions of their personal susceptibility to heart disease. In targeting an ethnically diverse, lower income working population, the researchers also sought to contribute to one of the goals of Healthy People 2010, the elimination of health disparities, specifically the reduction of health disparities in heart disease by 25% by the year 2010. A one-group, repeated measures, quasi-experimental design was employed. Forty-eight women 25 to 66 years old responded to the solicitation and participated in the program. Seventy-five percent were African American, 23% were White, and 2% were Latino. Participants completed a 33-item heart disease knowledge questionnaire, demographic questions, and a single visual analog scale statement to assess perceived susceptibility. Fifty-eight percent of the participants improved their knowledge of heart disease and 50% of the participants increased their perception of susceptibility to heart disease from pre- to post-intervention. The greatest improvement in knowledge and awareness of susceptibility occurred for those with limited knowledge and low perceptions of susceptibility. The gains from this workplace health education project for largely minority female municipal workers were modest, but notable. A workplace health education program for women targeted at increasing their knowledge of heart disease may also increase their perceptions of susceptibility to heart disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||AAOHN journal : official journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Nursing (miscellaneous)