Promoting Adult Immunization Using Population-Based Data for a Composite Measure

Angela K. Shen, Walter W. Williams, Alissa C. O'Halloran, Amy V. Groom, Peng Jun Lu, Alice Y. Tsai, Megan C. Lindley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: A composite adult immunization status measure is currently under consideration for adoption into the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set. This paper complements the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set health plan–level measure testing efforts by examining use of survey-based self-reported vaccination data to assess composite adult immunization coverage and identify limitations to using survey data to measure progress. Methods: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey data were used in 2017 to calculate estimates for a composite of selected vaccines routinely recommended for adults aged ≥19 years, overall and in three age groups: 19–59, 60–64, and ≥65 years for tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td); tetanus toxoid; reduced diphtheria toxoid; and tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap); and herpes zoster, pneumococcal, and influenza vaccines. Results: Composite coverage for adults aged ≥19 years including receipt of Tdap in the past 10 years and influenza vaccination was 11.9%, ranging from 6.3% in adults aged 60–64 years to 13.7% in adults aged 19–59 years. Excluding influenza, composite coverage was 20.7%, ranging from 8.1% (adults aged 60–64 years) to 25.2% (adults aged 19–59 years). In a composite including any Td-containing vaccine in the past 10 years, coverage including influenza vaccination for adults aged ≥19 years was 23.4%, ranging from 12.6% (adults aged 60–64 years) to 25.7% (adults aged 19–59 years). Excluding influenza, composite coverage was 51.4%, ranging from 15.8% (adults aged 60–64 years) to 63.0% (adults aged 19–59 years). Conclusions: Survey-based vaccination data may under- or over-estimate coverage, but most adults require at least one additional vaccination by any metric. A composite measure provides a single focal point to promote adherence to standards of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-523
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of preventive medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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