PROMIS Provides a Broader Overview of Health-related Quality of Life Than the ESSPRI in Evaluation of Sjögren Syndrome

Dana D. DiRenzo, Susan Robinson, Clifton O. Bingham, Alan N. Baer, Thomas Grader-Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. Sjögren syndrome (SS) has a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We sought to evaluate how the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) domains in SS may supplement the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögren Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI). Methods. A cross-sectional evaluation was performed on consecutive adult patients during visits to an SS clinic between March 2018 and February 2020. Each patient completed PROMIS short forms related to HRQOL and the ESSPRI, and had a clinical assessment. Patients were either classified as SS by 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/EULAR criteria, or as “sicca not otherwise specified (NOS)” and used as a comparison group. Univariable and multivariable linear regression models were used to evaluate predictors of PROMIS fatigue (-F), pain interference (-PI), and ability to participate in social roles and activities (-APS). Results. Two hundred twenty-seven patients with SS and 85 with sicca NOS were included and did not differ in ESSPRI domains; 26% of the SS and 20% of the sicca NOS group had concurrent autoimmune disease. In SS, PROMIS-PI, PROMIS-F, and PROMIS physical function were at least one-half SD worse than US population normative values. PROMIS-PI (r = 0.73) and PROMIS-F (r = 0.80) were highly correlated with ESSPRI pain and fatigue subdomains. Fatigue and pain interference, but not dryness or mood disturbance, were the strongest predictors of social participation in multivariable analysis. Conclusion. In our SS cohort, PROMIS instruments identified a high disease burden of pain interference, fatigue, and physical function. PROMIS-F strongly predicted PROMIS-APS. PROMIS-PI and PROMIS-F scores correlated highly with their respective ESSPRI domains. PROMIS instruments should be considered to identify relevant HRQOL patterns in SS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • Sjögren syndrome
  • fatigue
  • health-related quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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