Results of amphotericin B therapy were correlated with laboratory and clinical findings in 111 patients with cryptococcal meningitis. Compared with patients who were cured, patients who died during therapy more often had the following features on admission: lymphoreticular malignancy or corticosteroid therapy; cerebrospinal fluid with high opening pressure, a low glucose level, less than 20 leukocytes/mm3 and cryotococci seen in smear; cryptococci isolated from extraneural sites; and high titers of cryptococcal antigen in cerebrospinal fluid and serum. These last two features also characterized admission findings in the group of patients who were discharged with negative cultures after therapy but who later relapsed. Patients who relapsed also had high, persistent posttreatment titers of cryptococcal antigen in serum or cerebrospinal fluid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine