Process indicators for monitoring and evaluating vitamin A programs

Martin W. Bloem, Lynnda Kiess, Regina Moench-Pfanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Vitamin A deficiency disorders (VADD) are a major public health problem in many parts of the world and one of the leading underlying causes of childhood mortality. Therefore, VADD control programs can contribute to reaching the international development goal of reducing childhood mortality by two thirds by the year 2015. Although economic development leads to greater food consumption of animal products (the most bioavailable source of vitamin A), other strategies, such as high dose vitamin A capsule supplementation, fortification and food production programs have been developed to tackle the VADD problem independent of economic development efforts. In this article, we discuss the essential role of process indicators in monitoring and fine-tuning VADD control and prevention programs toward ensuring that such programs will be more effective and cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2934S-2939S
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Issue number9 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Process indicators
  • Vitamin A capsules
  • Vitamin A deficiency disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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