Preventing oxygen free-radical injury in ischemic revascularized bone grafts

Arnold Peter C. Weiss, J. Russell Moore, Mark A. Randolph, Andrew J. Weiland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Superoxide radicals have been shown to play a role in the cellular injury of reperfused ischemic tissues. We examined the protective effect of superoxide dismutase (SOD), a superoxide radical scavenger, on the reperfusion injury of replanted vascularized bone grafts after 4-and 8-hour periods of ischemia in a rat model. Histologic, fluorochrome, and histomorphometric analyses showed no difference between 4-hour superoxide dismutase-treated and control grafts, with both groups appearing viable. Similar analyses of the 8-hour ischemic grafts revealed both a qualitative and statistically significant quantitative difference (p < 0.001) between the superoxide dismutase-treated and control grafts in parameters related to viability. Our results indicated that the administration of superoxide dismutase to free vascularized grafts by means of intraarterial perfusion after prolonged periods of warm ischemia significantly enhances the survival of these grafts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-495
Number of pages10
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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