Prevalence of anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in an HIV/AIDS reference hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Fabio Aguiar, M. A. Vieira, A. Staviack, C. Buarque, A. Marsico, L. Fonseca, R. Chaisson, A. Kristski, G. Werneck, F. Mello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


SETTING: A reference hospital for tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) with a TB control programme in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs and to identify associated factors. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively from 2001 to 2005. Patients with isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and available drug susceptibility tests were considered eligible. Data on demographic characteristics, risk factors for resistance, HIV serology and past TB history were collected and analysed by χ2 Mann-Whitney test and Poisson regression. RESULTS: We analysed 350 treatments, of which 62 were for patients with previous TB. HIV status was positive in 31.2% of cases. Resistance was found in 15.7% and multidrug resistance (MDR) in 4.3% of cases. Previous treatment (P < 0.001) and relapse within 2 years were associated with resistance (P < 0.03). Pulmonary cavities were associated with MDR (P < 0.001). Homelessness was associated with any resistance in newly diagnosed patients (P < 0.01). Working in a hospital was not associated with resistance. CONCLUSION: Suspicion of drug-resistant disease is necessary in patients with a history of previous TB in hospitals in Rio de Janeiro. The implementation of an effective hospital TB control programme can prevent transmission even in high TB prevalence settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Drug resistance
  • Hospital infection control programme
  • Multidrug-resistant TB
  • Transmissible disease control
  • Tuberculosis chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases


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